Hawaiian Makahiki Season

The ancient Hawaiians split the year into two seasons. The first was called the Makahiki season which was a period of four lunar months and honored the god Lono. The second season lasted eight lunar months where rituals of Kū were practiced. Kū or Kūkaʻilimoku is the god of war, politics, farming and fishing.

The Makahiki season is an ancient Hawaiian annual time of festivities, in honor of the Hawaiian God Lono associated with fertility, agriculture, rainfall, music and peace. The season was a period of four lunar months. It took place from late October or early November until February or March.

Makahiki marked a temporary halt to activities of war. Farming labor was prohibited. It was the season for resting, to feast and enjoy competitive games. A Hawaiian Olympics featuring games of skill, technic, and brawn.

The Hawaiians gave thanks to the god Lono-ikamaka-hiki for his care. They prayed for rain and prosperity in the future. He would bring life, blessings, peace and victory to the land.

They also prayed to the gods for the death of their enemies. Makaʻainana (commoners) prayed that lands of their aliʻi (chief) would be increased, and that their physical health along with the health of their chiefs be at the fullest.